The Institute of Medicine convened an ad hoc committee to answer two important questions:
- Is biomedical research with chimpanzees "necessary for research discoveries and to determine the safety and efficacy of new prevention or treatment strategies?"
- Is behavioral research using chimpanzees "necessary for progress in understanding social, neurological and behavioral factors that influence the development, prevention, or treatment of disease?"
Some members of Congress want to outlaw all experimentation on great apes, including chimpanzees (H.R. 1513: The Great Ape Protection and Cost Savings Act).